有些单词看上去很熟悉,但是在实际考试中考察的词义却很生僻。关注这些最熟悉的陌生人,能够更加精准地进行理解和写作。下面是小编为大家整理的考研英语中常见熟词僻义,将会为您持续更新。

 

race  n.人种,种族

例:The college welcomes students of all races, faiths, and nationalities.

该学院欢迎来自各种族、有各种宗教信仰和国籍的学生。

v.(使)高速运动

例:Do they realize we are racing toward complete economic collapse?

他们是否意识到我们正迅速走向彻底的经济崩溃?

rapid  n.pl.〕急流

reason  v.推理,分析

例:I reasoned that changing my diet would lower my cholesterol level.我推断改变我的饮食会降低我的胆固醇水平。

receive  vt.接待

例:The following evening the hotel was again receiving guests.第二天晚上饭店又接待起客人来。

refer  vt.参考,查阅

例:He referred briefly to his notebook.他迅速查看了一下他的笔记。

rest v.靠,停留

例:Her eyes rested on the blackboard.她的眼睛凝视着黑板。

 

revolution  n.旋转,绕转

role  n.作用,任务

例:Until now scientists had very little clear evidence about the drug's role in preventing more serious effects of infection.到目前为止,科学家们几乎没有该药物在防止更严重的感染后果的功能的明确证据。

rough  adj.粗略的,大致的

例:We were only able to make a rough estimate of how much fuel would be required.我们只能对所需燃料的量作一个粗略估计。

row  v.划(船等)

例:The children hired a boat and went for a row down the river. 孩子们租了条船,便顺着河流划船去了。

rush  v.催促;仓促完成

例:He will not rush into any decisions.他不会仓促做出任何决定。

n.需求的激增; (身体的)一阵感觉

例:A rush of pure affection swept over him.一股强烈的真爱掠过了他的心田。

 

safe  n.保险箱

例:The files are now in a safe to which only he has the key.那些文件如今在一个保险柜里,只有他有钥匙。

sandwich  vt.夹入

例:Carefully split the sponge ring, then sandwich the two halves together with whipped cream.小心地切开海绵蛋糕圈,然后在两半中间夹上生奶油。

satisfaction  n.赔偿(物)

例:If you can't get any satisfaction, complain to the park owner.如果你得不到任何赔偿,就向公园的所有者投诉。

save  prep.除…之外

school  n.学派;上课(时间)

例:...the Chicago school of economists.…芝加哥经济学派。

season  n.时节

例:The plum season is about to begin.李子的当季期就要开始了。

sentence  n.判决

例:He was given a four-year sentence.他被判处了4年徒刑。

           vt.宣判

例:A military court sentenced him to death in his absence.一家军事法院在他未到庭的情况下判处他死刑。

share  n.〔常 pl.〕股份

例:People in China are eager to buy shares in new businesses.中国民众热衷于购买新企业的股票。

shoot  vt.疾驰

例:As soon as she got close, the old woman's hand shot out.她一靠近,那个老妇人的手就猛地伸了出来。

        n.嫩枝

例:Prune established plants annually as new shoots appear.每年嫩芽长出来时,要给长成的植物剪枝。

shoulder  vt.肩负,承担,挑起

例:No one suspected the anguish he carried on his shoulders.没有人怀疑他所承受的痛苦。

silence  vt.使沉默     

例:Like other tyrants, he tried to silence anyone who spoke out against him.

像其他暴君一样,他试图压制任何公开反对他的人。

skirt  n.边缘,郊区

      vt.位于…的边缘;绕开  

例:We raced across a large field that skirted the slope of a hill.我们快速穿越山坡边的一大片旷野。

sort  vt. 分类

例:He sorted the materials into their folders.他将材料分类放入他们的文件夹里。