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Read carefully the following excerpt and then write your response in NO LESS THAN 200 words, in which you should:
Summarize the main message of the report, and then
Comment on the two points made by Stephen Corry, Survival’s Director
You can support yourself with information from the report.
Marks will be awarded for content relevance, content sufficiency, organization and language quality. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.
Report exposes the dark side of conservation
A report launched by Survival International—the global movement for tribal peoples’ right—reveals how conservation has led to the eviction of millions of tribal people from “protected areas”, since “protected areas” like national parks should generally be “no go” for mining, agriculture, dams, roads and pipelines.
Survival’s report shows that nearly all protected areas are, or have been, the ancestral homelands of tribal peoples, who have been dependent on, and managed them for thousands of years. But in the name of “conservation”, tribal people are being “illegally driven out” from these lands and accused of “poaching”; meanwhile, tourists and fee-paying big-game hunters are welcomed in.
Bushman Dauqoo Xukuri from the Central Kalahari Game Reserve in Botswana said, “I sit and look around the country. Wherever there are businessmen, there is game. Why? Because we know how to take care of animals”
Survival’s report concludes that the current model of conservation needs a radical shake-up. Conservation must stick to international law, protect tribal peoples’ rights to their lands, listen to them, and then be prepared to back them up as much as they can.
Survival’s Director Stephen Corry said, “Millions are being spent by conservationists every year and yet the environment’s in deepening crisis. It’s time to wake up and realize that there is another way and it’s much, much better. Firstly, tribal peoples’ rights have to be acknowledged and respected. Secondly, they have to be treated as the best experts at defending their own lands. Conservationists must realize it’s they, themselves, who are junior partners.’